Cedrela serrata

Invasive species Disclaimer

In view of the fact that some tree species are invasive, the world Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) has put in place a policy document on Invasive Alien Species, currently under draft available at Here.

For more information on this subject, please refer to
100 of the World's worst Invasive and Alien Species.

Species Index    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Multiple Criteria Search

Abelmoschus moschatus
Acacia aneura
Acacia angustissima
Acacia aulacocarpa
Acacia auriculiformis
Acacia catechu
Acacia cincinnata
Acacia crassicarpa
Acacia elatior
Acacia erioloba
Acacia etbaica
Acacia ferruginea
Acacia glauca
Acacia holosericea
Acacia karroo*
Acacia koa
Acacia laeta
Acacia lahai
Acacia leptocarpa
Acacia leucophloea
Acacia mangium
Acacia mearnsii*
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia mellifera
Acacia nilotica subsp nilotica
Acacia pachycarpa
Acacia pennatula
Acacia polyacantha ssp. polyacantha
Acacia saligna
Acacia senegal
Acacia seyal
Acacia sieberiana
Acacia tortilis
Acacia xanthophloea
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
Adansonia digitata
Adenanthera pavonina
Aegle marmelos
Afzelia africana
Afzelia quanzensis
Agathis macrophylla
Agathis philippinensis
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus excelsa
Ailanthus triphysa
Albizia adianthifolia
Albizia amara
Albizia anthelmintica
Albizia chinensis
Albizia coriaria
Albizia ferruginea
Albizia gummifera
Albizia julibrissin
Albizia lebbeck
Albizia odoratissima
Albizia procera
Albizia saman
Albizia versicolor
Albizia zygia
Aleurites moluccana
Allanblackia floribunda
Allanblackia stuhlmannii
Allanblackia ulugurensis
Alnus acuminata
Alnus cordata
Alnus japonica
Alnus nepalensis
Alnus rubra
Alphitonia zizyphoides
Alstonia boonei
Alstonia congensis
Alstonia scholaris
Altingia excelsa
Anacardium occidentale
Andira inermis
Annona cherimola
Annona muricata
Annona reticulata
Annona senegalensis
Annona squamosa
Anogeissus latifolia
Anthocephalus cadamba
Antiaris toxicaria
Antidesma bunius
Araucaria bidwillii
Araucaria cunninghamii
Arbutus unedo
Areca catechu
Arenga pinnata
Argania spinosa
Artemisia annua
Artocarpus altilis
Artocarpus camansi
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Artocarpus integer
Artocarpus lakoocha
Artocarpus mariannensis
Asimina triloba
Ateleia herbert-smithii
Aucomea klaineana
Averrhoa bilimbi
Averrhoa carambola
Azadirachta excelsa
Azadirachta indica
Azanza garckeana
Related Links

Local names:
Burmese (taungdama), Chinese (hongchun,xiangchun,chunhua,mapaozishu,xiangchunshu), Dutch (cedrel), English (Chinese Toona,Chinese mahogony,hill toon), French (cedre de Chine,Acajou de Chine,acajou indien,cedrele de Chine), German (Chinesischer Surenbaum)

Cedrela serrata is a moderate-sized deciduous tree, in favourable situations attaining a height of 30 m and a girth of up to 3.3 m. Young plants often remain unbranched for the 1st few years and have very long, arching leaves, giving them a palm like appearance. Twigs stout, with the leaves towards the ends of the branches, leaving large and prominent heart-shaped leaf scars. Bark about 1.3 cm thick, dark-brown, rough, with regular and fairly deep vertical fissures about 2.5 cm apart. Blaze fibrous throughout, pink or red. 

Leaves 0.5-0.9 m long, sometimes 1.35 m long in young trees, usually imparipinnate, midrib usually reddish, at least when young. Leaflets 13-33, opposite, 7.5-20 cm x 2.5-6.2 cm, elliptic-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, acutely acuminate, serrate, base oblique, glabrous or pubescent on the nerves beneath when young, emitting a foetid smell when bruised; petiolules 0.2-1.3 cm long.

Flowers 0.4-0.5 cm long, foetid, pink to nearly white, in large, drooping subterminal panicles 0.6-1.5 cm long; calyx small, dentate. Petals about 0.5 cm long, elliptic-oblong, obtuse, glabrous. 

Capsule 2.5-3.8 cm long and 1.3 cm in diameter, ovoid, reddish-brown. Seeds winged at the upper end only.

The genus Cedrela is included in the tribe Cedreleae of the sub-family Swietenioideae, as is the genus Toona. All the Old World species of Cedrela have been transferred to Toona. Cedrela differs from the latter by its prominent androgynophore with petals and filaments adnate to it, the cuplike calyx, the bigger and more woody capsule, and seedlings having entire leaflets. The specific name, ‘serrata’, comes from ‘serra’ (a saw), referring to the toothed leaf-margins.


It is common in secondary forests; normally in association with Quercus incana, Q. dilatata and Euonymus pendulus. It requires moist but well-drained ground and is common in ravines, often on broken rocky soil, in places where subsoil moisture is not available.

Native range
India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka

Tree management

C. serrata demands strong light. It produces root suckers in great abundance and coppices fairly well. The tree has a small crown and should therefore be grown in fairly dense crops, although overhead cover should be avoided or crooked stems may result as the tree tries to reach the light. Growth is fast when young, but the tree rarely attains a large girth; a rotation of 50 years is suitable.

Seeds weigh 95 000-219 000/kg.

It is common in secondary forests; normally in association with Quercus incana, Q. dilatata and Euonymus pendulus. It requires moist but well-drained ground and is common in ravines, often on broken rocky soil, in places where subsoil moisture is not available.

Natural regeneration comes up readily on landslips, among loose boulders, or wherever new ground is exposed, particularly on the sides of ravines where there is adequate moisture. Artificially, it can easily be propagated from seed.

The leaves and young shoots are lopped for cattle fodder.

Timber:  The wood is used for furniture, bridges, poles, packing cases, plywood, door and window shutters, ceiling boards, planking, toys and musical instruments.

Shade or shelter:  In Sri Lanka, it is planted as a shade tree in tea plantations and also in coffee plantations in Java.

Ornamental: C. serrata is planted in the hills in Sri Lanka and Java as an ornamental.