Crotalaria goodiaeformis

Invasive species Disclaimer

In view of the fact that some tree species are invasive, the world Agroforestry Center (ICRAF) has put in place a policy document on Invasive Alien Species, currently under draft available at Here.

For more information on this subject, please refer to
100 of the World's worst Invasive and Alien Species.

Species Index    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Multiple Criteria Search

Abelmoschus moschatus
Acacia aneura
Acacia angustissima
Acacia aulacocarpa
Acacia auriculiformis
Acacia catechu
Acacia cincinnata
Acacia crassicarpa
Acacia elatior
Acacia erioloba
Acacia etbaica
Acacia ferruginea
Acacia glauca
Acacia holosericea
Acacia karroo*
Acacia koa
Acacia laeta
Acacia lahai
Acacia leptocarpa
Acacia leucophloea
Acacia mangium
Acacia mearnsii*
Acacia melanoxylon
Acacia mellifera
Acacia nilotica subsp nilotica
Acacia pachycarpa
Acacia pennatula
Acacia polyacantha ssp. polyacantha
Acacia saligna
Acacia senegal
Acacia seyal
Acacia sieberiana
Acacia tortilis
Acacia xanthophloea
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius
Adansonia digitata
Adenanthera pavonina
Aegle marmelos
Afzelia africana
Afzelia quanzensis
Agathis macrophylla
Agathis philippinensis
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus excelsa
Ailanthus triphysa
Albizia adianthifolia
Albizia amara
Albizia anthelmintica
Albizia chinensis
Albizia coriaria
Albizia ferruginea
Albizia gummifera
Albizia julibrissin
Albizia lebbeck
Albizia odoratissima
Albizia procera
Albizia saman
Albizia versicolor
Albizia zygia
Aleurites moluccana
Allanblackia floribunda
Allanblackia stuhlmannii
Allanblackia ulugurensis
Alnus acuminata
Alnus cordata
Alnus japonica
Alnus nepalensis
Alnus rubra
Alphitonia zizyphoides
Alstonia boonei
Alstonia congensis
Alstonia scholaris
Altingia excelsa
Anacardium occidentale
Andira inermis
Annona cherimola
Annona muricata
Annona reticulata
Annona senegalensis
Annona squamosa
Anogeissus latifolia
Anthocephalus cadamba
Antiaris toxicaria
Antidesma bunius
Araucaria bidwillii
Araucaria cunninghamii
Arbutus unedo
Areca catechu
Arenga pinnata
Argania spinosa
Artemisia annua
Artocarpus altilis
Artocarpus camansi
Artocarpus heterophyllus
Artocarpus integer
Artocarpus lakoocha
Artocarpus mariannensis
Asimina triloba
Ateleia herbert-smithii
Aucomea klaineana
Averrhoa bilimbi
Averrhoa carambola
Azadirachta excelsa
Azadirachta indica
Azanza garckeana
Related Links

Local names:

Crotalaria goodiaeformis is a bushy shrub or subshrub up to 2.6 m tall. Branches slender, apressed or spreading pubescent, glabrescent; bark pale brown, conspicuously lenticillate.

Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets broadly oblanceolate, elliptic or obovate, up to 15-55 mm long, 5-30 mm wide, sparsely appressed pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 12-45 mm long. Stipules filiform up to 2mm long caducous.

Racemes lax, with few flowers on the very slender rachis; bracts filiform, 1-3 mm long; bracteoles inserted just below the calyx, linear, ascending and sometimes curved, up to 6 mm long. Calyx 8-10 mm long, sparsely appressed pilose; lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, twice as long as the tube. Standard suborbicular, yellow or orange, marked and veined purple at the base inside and sometimes outside, usually puberulous along the midvein outside; wings longer than the keel.

Pods shortly stipitate, oblong-clavate, 20-40 mm long, 8-10 mm across, thinly spreading pubescent, 14-16 seeded.

Seeds oblique cordiform, 4-5 mm long, slightly rugulose, dark brown, sometimes mottled greenish-brown.

The species shows a wide phenotypic variation because of its wide habitat distribution. It is becoming rare in its natural habitat in Kenya. The genus name ‘Crotalaria’, meaning rattle, is indicative of the noise made by the seeds shaken in the mature pods.


C. goodiaeformis is found in margins and clearings of lowland and upland rain forest, dry evergreen forest, deciduous woodland, wooded grassland and bushland. It also persists on abandoned cultivations, especially in hedges.

Native range
Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania

Tree management

The tree is frequently copppiced or uprooted for fodder and has a good survival, planting in shaded conditions improves survivability. Recommended spacing for C. goodiaeformis is between 45 and 90 cm.

C. goodiaeformis is found in margins and clearings of lowland and upland rain forest, dry evergreen forest, deciduous woodland, wooded grassland and bushland. It also persists on abandoned cultivations, especially in hedges.

Direct sowing of seeds produces good germination with high survival rate in the nursery.

Erosion control:  Protects surrounding soil from erosion.

The leaves are important as cattle fodder in dry lowland areas (900m above sea level) of Kenya. Leaves have a high protein but low ash content.

Twigs can be used as firesticks.

Medicine:  Root decoction administered for stomach ache and hookworms.

Soil improver:  Leaf litter from the shrub enhances soil fertility.