Sustainable livelihood options and carbon rights as basis for efficient and fair emission reduction in the Central Kalimantan Ex-Mega Rice Project

Project Timeframe:
Jan 2000 to Dec 2012

Related country(s)


AUS $206,425


NGO’s at Central Kalimantan | University of Palangkayara

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership (KFCP) is a new initiative in the form of pilot projects to demonstrate effective ways of reducing emission from peatlands through REDD scheme. The Australian Government has provided major investment (30 M A$) for the operationalization of the scheme. While the international rules on REDD are not yet clear and emissions from peatland may or may not be covered, there is widespread consensus that this type of emission reduction is feasible, urgent (high emissions) and probably cost effective. As the emissions from peatlands come from a relatively small area with a small local population, the social aspects may be manageable. However, they are not trivial and deserve full attention.

The project aims to support the development of a Project Design Document (PDD) for the KFCP and further steps to link knowledge with action, our goals are to:

  1. Support the analysis of local livelihoods in the current situation (building on the studies of the University of Palangkaraya),
  2. Explore the local institutional setting for combining efficiency and fairness in the benefit distribution of carbon payments,
  3. Analyze the multiple claims on land use rights of various groups of inhabitants in the area as an element in the broader ‘carbon rights’ issue,
  4. Support the analysis of tree-based land use options compatible with maintenance of peatland (and forest) Carbon stocks in the area.

As outcomes we foresee :

  1. Reports on current livelihood (on-farm, off-farm) strategies of the main groups of inhabitants of the area, as baseline for future impact studies and as background for multi-stakeholder negotiations of future changes in the landscape aimed at reducing GHG emissions.
  2. Reports with analysis of possible institutional settings, based on the discussion with local stakeholders and report on the FERVA protocol for Fair and Efficient value chain of carbon payments.
  3. Reports of ‘Rapid Tenure Claim Analysis’ (RATA) for the area and exploration of the broader issue of ‘Carbon Rights’.
  4. Recommendations on trees and tree-based land use options for different parts of the KFCP landscape that can assist in managing the trade-off between emission reduction and sustainable benefits for the local communities with legitimate claims on land use rights.