Kanoppi 2: Developing and promoting market-based agroforestry options and integrated landscape management for smallholder forestry in Indonesia

Project Timeframe:
Apr 2017 to Jun 2021

Related country(s)


A$ 2,400,000


Australian Centre for International Agriculture Research (ACIAR)


Forestry and Environmental Research Development and Innovation Agency of the Government of Indonesia (FOERDIA) | Center for International Forestry Research(CIFOR) | World Wildlife Fund (WWF Indonesia) | Murdoch University | Threads of Life | Universitas Mataram


Aulia Perdana a.perdana@cgiar.org

Building on previous achievements of Kanoppi phase 1, this second phase will concentrate on the expansion of market-based agroforestry and the development of integrated landscape management in the poorest provinces of eastern Indonesia and in the most densely-populated island (Java). This supports the Government of Indonesia’s strategic priorities by increasing understanding of systems that provide better returns from agroforestry and NTFPs, improving product value chains, as well as improving sustainable management of forests, bordering agroforests, restoration forests and agroforests on degraded land.

Aims and objectives
This project aims to improve smallholders’ livelihoods through landscape-scale management of the farm–forest interface with a focus on scaling up the adoption of improved production practices and value chains for timber and NTFPs.

The project has five interrelated objectives to:

  1. Increase and quantify the productivity of integrated timber and NTFP production systems through developing improved and sustainable management practices appropriate for local contexts;
  2. Increase smallholder household income through improving marketing of timber and NTFPs through private sector engagement, and market development;
  3. Promote improved timber and NTFP production and marketing options through developing effective extension strategies that lead to widespread adoption;
  4. Encourage the establishment of resilient institutional arrangements, supported by relevant policy frameworks, that foster landscape-scale forest management for the benefit of smallholders; and
  5. Develop and promote commercially viable, evidence-based, bamboo agroforestry options, rolled out through the national Thousand Bamboo Villages program.

Gender transformative outcomes are sought through cross-cutting gender research in addressing all five objectives.

Research strategy
The previous Kanoppi 1 project has shown farmers’ interest in developing timber and NTFP production systems and marketing, supported by district government planning.

The proposed project embraces a new focus on understanding the variability in ecological, economic and social context across sites and then matching management options to local conditions (Objective 1). Attention is given to selecting appropriate products and developing capacity and partnership strategies, to more effectively market them (Objective 2). The outputs from these first two objectives lay the foundation for developing more effective extension strategies to foster widespread adoption (Objective 3). The formulation of strategies for sustainable landscape management across scales, that allow smallholder farmers to benefit from sustainable forest management, are addressed through (Objective 4). This involves encompassing village and provincial scales to augment the district focus in Kanoppi 1. Objective 5 integrates approaches developed in Objectives 1 through 4, focussing on a major opportunity to test and develop options for bamboo within the context of the Thousand Bamboo Village program for scaling-up nationally across Indonesia.