Accelerating Adoption of Agroforestry in Western Kenya (Triple A) Project

Project Timeframe:
Jan 2015 to Dec 2019

Related country(s)



The Comart Foundation, The Coady International Institute


The Coady International Institute (Canada); collaboration with extension staff from the Ministry of Agriculture and other locally active organisations

Triple A project

Smallholder farmers in western Kenya are amongst the most vulnerable populations to climate change and variability. Experience from numerous projects indicates that intervention success, efficiency and sustainability is highly related to appropriate models, processes and tools taking relevant climate-smart and resilient practices to scale.

The Accelerating Adoption of Agroforestry in Western Kenya Project, also known as the Triple A Project, innovatively scales up the asset-based community-driven development (ABCD) approach in combination with best practices in agroforestry and agriculture.

Triple A aims for context-specific adaptation and mitigation options based on local identities, interests and preferences. It combines general capacity development with tailor-made best practice trainings selected by individual project groups and adapted to their respective concerns.

The project, implemented in parts of Kisumu and Kericho Counties which form the Nyando River Basin, has been running in pilot and proof of concept phases since 2011.


The big idea

  • Foster sustainable engagement of community members in their individual and collective development.
  • Enhance uptake of climate change adaptation and mitigation practices and technologies in line with and responsive to local identities, interests and preferences (IIP).
  • Promote engagement in agroforestry/agriculture as a business beyond mere subsistence farming.
  • Support reliable production of high quality agricultural produce and tree products.

Why it matters

Development happens when it is driven by sustainable mechanisms and practices. Climate change adaptation and mitigation have to be sustainably driven by local communities to build resilient livelihoods and landscapes.

What we do

We scale up the adoption of climate-smart practices for climate change mitigation and adaptation through an asset-based community-driven development (ABCD) approach. In terms of process, the Triple A Project first supports communities in identifying their existing assets to foster a clear understanding of their identities, interests and preferences (IIPs). This IIP identification is part of a series of ‘general capacity development’ trainings, through which the groups’ internal functionality and cohesion is strengthened for increased efficiency and sustainability with minimal external support.

The project, implemented in parts of Kisumu and Kericho Counties that form the Nyando River basin, has been running in phases of ‘pilot-to-proof of concept’ from 2011. Currently, ICRAF is training 144 elected lead-farmers from 24 project groups in various practices and value-chains in five agricultural sub-sectors: agroforestry, coffee, dairy, poultry and horticultural farming. The lead-farmers trained in June and July 2016 have since trained hundreds of community members in both technical and business skills.

How far we’ve got

Today in the Middle Nyando Valley, smallholder farmers are beginning to see farming as more than a means of subsistence. For the youth in particular it has become an exciting career. Farmers are adopting high-value crops, sharing their skills and knowledge with each other, and coming together to lower the costs of production and to earn higher prices for their produce. Small farms are being transformed into successful businesses, and agroforestry is re-greening the valley and mitigating the effects of climate change.

ICRAF has continued to support individual farmers and groups with technical advice both at the farm-level and through a ‘field clinic office’ that is open on market days adjacent to the main regional market twice a week, as well as through further market visits and linkages, general farmer exchange visits and various re-fresher courses.Read, watch and learn more with the stories and videos shared.

Visit our project website