Agroforestry’s role in an energy transformation for human and planetary health: bioenergy and climate change

  • Sustainable and clean rural energy is essential for a coherent SDG portfolio on health, climate, food, jobs and terrestrial ecosystems
  • Improved cooking stoves and policy support for charcoal production are still ‘work in progress’
  • Biodiesel derived from oil-rich seeds has created hope-hype-crash cycles and faces hurdles in accounting systems that include ‘indirect land use change’
  • Bio-ethanol production and large-scale wood-based energy focus on low-cost bulk production
  • Rural evergreen electricity supply from coppiced fast-woods offers agroforestry synergy and prospects of integrated solutions at multiple scales
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