Shinyanga: blending old and new agroforestry to integrate development, climate change mitigation and adaptation in Tanzania
The Shinyanga region, a wide semiarid zone receiving an annual rainfall of 600-800 mm, is located in the Northern part of Tanzania1. Almost two-thirds of the land in the region is used for agriculture and around 24% serves as grazing area. The vegetation of the area is characterized as extensive Acacia and Miombo woodlands that were estimated to cover around 15% of the region’s land. The majority of the society residing in this area are agropastoralists (dominantly the Wasukuma people) with livestock rearing being among the major economic activity. The region hosts 20% of the livestock population of Tanzania and around 80% of the households in the area have 20 to 500 heads of cattle per household. The prominence of Trypanosomiasis, a livestock disease transmitted by tse tse fly contributed to clearing of the woodlands, a measure taken to control its spread (Box 7.2). This measure has changed the ecosystem abruptly and with time drought and desertification became eminent threats to the whole region.